About the Republic of Moldova
The Republic of Moldova (Mol. and Rum. Republica Moldova) is a state in South-Eastern Europe. It borders Ukraine and Romania. The territory of Moldova is 33,843 km², but some of the territory (unrecognized PMR) is not controlled by the authorities. The population counted in the 2014 census was 2998235, the current estimate as of January 1, 2016 is 3553100. It ranks 118th in the world in terms of population and 135th in terms of territory.
The capital is Chisinau. Maya Sandu has been the President since December 2020. The Prime Minister of Moldova is Ion Kiku. Administratively, the country is divided into 32 districts, 13 municipalities, autonomous territorial unit Gagauzia and administrative-territorial units of the left bank of Dniester (Transnistria).
It is characterized by a significant ethno-cultural diversity. Most of the believers (about 93% of the population, according to the 2004 census) are Orthodox Christians.
The 2012 GDP amounted to $7.559 billion (about $2,128 per capita). The monetary unit is the Moldovan leu.
Independence of the country was proclaimed on August 27, 1991. From 1924 to 1940, there was the Moldavian ASSR as a part of Ukrainian SSR. From 1940 till 1991, as a union republic it was a part of the USSR under the name the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic (since June 5, 1990 – the Soviet Socialist Republic of Moldova).